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In addition to deaths, the report card tracks additional key indicators of opioid misuse in the region. File photo
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Opioid deaths spike sharply in last 5 years, continue to rise in San Diego County

REGION — According to a San Diego County prescription drug abuse report released today, local opioid and prescription drug overdose deaths have increased significantly in recent years.

The 2020 San Diego County Prescription Drug Abuse Task Force Report Card found that between 2018 and 2019, the number of unintentional fentanyl deaths increased by 64% and prescription drug deaths rose nearly 12%.

The report card provides a variety of data to measure the prescription drug misuse problem in the region by looking at multiple factors and data points over the last five years in San Diego County.

In 2019, 645 people died of an unintentional overdose caused by prescription and illicit drugs, as well as alcohol.

Those include:
— 151 fentanyl deaths compared to the 92 reported the previous year. The number continued to increase in 2020. Fentanyl is a synthetic opioid primarily coming from Mexico that is 50 to 100 times more potent than morphine and 25 to 50 times stronger than heroin;
— 275 deaths due to prescription drugs — opioids and non-opioids — up from 245 in 2018; and
— 124 heroin deaths, up from the 105 reported the year before.

In addition to deaths, the report card tracks additional key indicators of opioid misuse in the region.

The report also found 6,162 visits to local emergency rooms in 2018, compared to 6,607 in 2017. Data for last year won’t be available until 2021.

Additionally, nearly half of adults arrested reported misusing prescription drugs in 2019. One silver lining is that fewer 11th graders reported prescription drug use in 2019 than in 2015.

San Diego County funds prevention and treatment services throughout the region. Preventing drug misuse and getting people into treatment is one of the goals of the county’s Live Well San Diego vision, which aims to improve the health and safety of residents in the region.

Treatment is available by calling the county’s Access and Crisis Line at 888-724-7240.

In 2008, the County Board of Supervisors established the Prescription Drug Abuse Task Force, which includes the San Diego County Sheriff’s Department, the District Attorney, the Health and Human Services Agency, the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration and multiple other key partners, including local law enforcement, treatment and health and prevention organizations.

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